We Shouldn't Be a Fan of Our Work

Last year, after almost a decade of circumventing rules at the day job to help people serve students better, I was moved out of the classroom and into a full-time development role to continue doing what I was doing as an instructor, but without all the cloak and dagger to make it happen. A lot of people were happy with the news, including myself. It meant that I could play a role in making something that colleagues all over the country might find value in, rather than something that just a handful of schools would use without really saying much to upper management about it. Over the last 15 months, though, I've come to dread going to work. I despise checking email. I want to be invisible on Skype all the time or, better yet, just shut the distraction down so that I can make it through the day without wanting to hurl a computer five stories to the pavement below1.

The problem is not with my colleagues. The problem is not with the endless complaints from people who storm into the little space where I do my work. Believe it or not, the problem is not even with the sound of silence from human silos within the organization who refuse to share their knowledge of the home-grown CMS my project must interface with. The problem boils down to a very fundamental issue that will never be resolved so long as I am working for someone else.

The issue is the result of an unsharable vision.

Steve Jobs and the First iPad

Way back in 2010, soon after Steve Jobs walked on stage and showed the world the iPad, I started thinking about how such a device could be used in education. By that time I had been teaching for almost three years and had the hubris to think that I could write software for a tablet that would make education easier for teachers, students, and all the support staff that are required to make a school function. Looking back at the early design sketches, I almost cringe at the naivety on display. The concepts I was dabbling with were far too similar to the way Microsoft approached tablet software in 1999.

Suffice it to say, the sketches went nowhere and I shelved the idea for a few years, revisiting the idea whenever I'd read an article about how tablets were being used in education.

Fast forward to 2013, I was asked to create a special kind of report for a new type of class that was being trialled in the area. Excel was a mainstay at the day job, and every report we gave to students or their sponsor came from this spreadsheet software. Me being me, I was one of the few people responsible for writing all of the reports in the region to ensure that every student and every sponsor would see a consistent message with consistent formatting and consistent quality. This new kind of report, though, needed something that Excel was not particularly good at without a complex series of macros. Instead, I used this opportunity to push through an idea that had been bouncing around in my head since the year before: build a data-collection website that is designed to be finger-friendly so that teachers simply tap-tap-tap their feedback and let the database do the heavy lifting.

Selling the idea was not easy, as people "just wanted an Excel report", but I used a long weekend to prototype the site and build some dummy reports. I presented it to the managers the following week, and they loved it.

This was shortly after my employer had rolled out iPads to all of the schools in a bid to make us seem more efficient and professional. Both counts failed and the project was bleeding money but, again, I had enough hubris to think that I could push through my own agenda while using company resources to solve company problems. Within six months the project had expanded to include several different types of reports, and people were generally happy with the system. A few times the project came close to being shut down when certain members of IT learned of the project2, but there was always just enough pushback from the local schools to keep the project alive.

In 2015, after a redesign of the iPad software teachers were supposed to use in class, a number of people gave up trying to use the tablets in the classroom. We still had to use them to record attendance, lesson goals, homework, and other details, but a large portion of the teaching staff gave up trying to use the tablets beyond the bare minimum. The problem was that the software was poorly designed for the job it was hired to do. The textbook application was nothing more than a frustrating PDF reader that stuttered and crashed every 15 minutes. The pedagogical tool was sluggish, hard to look at, and buried all of the student profile information, making it very difficult to learn more about students — or record updates — before walking into a classroom. Despite transitioning from paper to digital two years beforehand, people were pining for the day when we'd drop the iPads and go back to paper records. The older textbooks that made use of cassette tapes were easier to use and less embarrassing than the iPad software.

So I decided to do something about it.

Again, over a long weekend, I mocked up a new pedagogical system that would work on the tablets while making the system easier to use for teachers and staff. Information would be easier to find and filter. Textbooks would be searchable and come with custom lesson plans to help inexperienced or fatigued teachers. Reports — my specialty — would be built in to the pedagogical system meaning that teachers would spend less time writing them while students and sponsors received more data from them. In the space of four days the demo was ready and I started to show it around to people at the day job.

People loved it. Managers loved it. Even some of the students commented and said that it looked simpler. HQ, however, wouldn't hear of it. There were processes and procedures and hierarchies to obey, and I was bucking the system. They demanded it be shut down, even though there was zero student information in the system. I "conveniently forgot" to do so.

Then, in the fall of 2015, an interesting thing happened. The president of the company caught wind of these projects I was working on and asked to see them. He then asked why I "was being wasted". A week later I was approached with the opportunity to transfer to do software development in the IT department and, in March 2016, it became official. That 4-day design of the pedagogical replacement system is still being worked on and refined today, and people are generally happy with it … except when they aren't.

Back to the Problem

Earlier I said that my problem boils down to a very fundamental issue that will never be resolved so long as I am working for someone else, and this is completely accurate. I have been working quite hard on the problem of creating effective software for use in education for almost five years, the first four years of which was in near isolation where I was able to design and implement features and functions as I saw fit. When I would watch people interact with my software, I would find problems. These were often actions they would do that I never once considered, and I would go back and find a better way to support their goals while also ensuring mine were met. People would come at me with ideas or complaints, and I'd listen and find ways to make the system better for them, again ensuring that my goals for the system were not lost along the way. The way I looked at the tool was very simple: the UI is for the teachers, the printed reports are for the students, the database is for me.

By doing this I was able to create something that teachers actually liked to use. Students were happy. I had a nice database full of numbers from which to quickly answer questions from managers.

Since moving into a role with IT this has changed. People at HQ are accustomed to working with software that fights you every step of the way. Want to record someone's attendance? You'd best have 3 minutes to spare, because what used to be a circle or an X on a piece of paper needs to be infinitely more complex in the name of "security". Want to know what textbook your student will be using after they finish their current book? Go ask one of the school's support staff, because the teaching software will not let you know that information without a fight. This is the state of corporate software in the world, and the previous solutions for the iPad and schools all came from this group of people. My software with it's opposite approach to the same problems is completely alien to the way they think about the job. This isn't a criticism or a disparagement. It's a fact. They're looking at problems as A⇢B⇢C⇢…⇢Z, and I'm looking at problems as A⇢F⇢Z.

It's no wonder there is a great deal more confusion at head office than at the schools. It's no wonder that when members of the various departments in Tokyo report "bugs" in my software, it's because they're not accustomed to software understanding a person's job and performing a bunch of steps transparently on their behalf. From a big picture point of view, I completely understand this. In the heat of the moment when I'm reading that email or new issue on GitHub that has nothing to do with an actual bug and everything to do with making the software harder to use, however …

Flip that Table!

I'm too close to the project. I've invested a great deal of time and effort into making something that is designed to be used by people who really couldn't care less what the corporate interests are. That's why I invested so much time into making the UI for the people who would actually use the software rather than the people making snap decisions months after the initial decisions had already been made. This is why I call people people instead of using the same language as other people in the corporate structure. The whole thing has been designed to serve the people at the bottom of the totem pole. HQ wants things changed to serve their interests3, and I am growing tired of pushing back.

There are, of course, a lot of people that I've worked with over the last year at HQ who do understand the goals of this project and have gone to bat on my behalf more times than I can count. A lot of very smart people with very sharp insights have helped take a rough idea hammered out in 4 days through to the state it's in today. Many of them are just as frustrated with the various emails, non-issues, and Friday 5:30pm deployment cancellation calls as I am. But there's not much that can be done to change this. The vision of the project is simply too foreign at the moment for people, and the sole developer is too angry all the time to cast it in a positive light. I really need to take a step back …

… and another step …

… and one more.

Because it really doesn't make much sense to continue dreading going into work. There is a lot of good about going in, too. I like a lot of my colleagues. I like the ridiculous amount of freedom I have within the organization. I like seeing people use my software without realizing they're doing more in 30 seconds today than they did in 5 minutes last year. It's a great feeling! I just need to stop being so attached to this specific project.


  1. This would be especially bad, given that I'm using my computers at the day job.

  2. these are the same people I work with now

  3. 15 months into the project, mind you …

Expectations

Another week, another email from a recruiter. This time, however, I thought it would be prudent to respond in the hopes that this is a person who understands there's more to software development than money or technology. First, this is the message he sent me:

Dear Jason,

This is Steve {Redacted} with {Redacted}. I am a recruitment consultant in Tokyo specialized in the technology industry. Pardon my sudden message. I was given your name as an excellent software engineer.

We recently were asked to hire for a new Senior Software Engineer for one of the world's largest companies headquartered in America. They are scaling out many systems leveraging AI & machine learning sitting on container-based infrastructure supporting a desktop & mobile ecosystem generating billions of actions per day.

This is a company we've helped hire many people for over the past year.

This is a senior position and could be a major career advancing move, for the right person. I am considering your profile for this role and would like to talk.

Even if you're not looking now, we would be happy to meet, exchange business cards, and build a long-term relationship. Would you be open for a casual discussion near in our office in Ebisu?

I look forward to hearing from you.

Have a great day,
Steve

A pretty run of the mill message, and one that is just generic enough that the person sending it doesn't need to try very hard. There are typically three or four of these sent to me in the middle of the night every week, and most are clearly cut and paste messages or ones sent out by machines with the name of the recipient and recruiter dynamically swapped out to try and balance workloads across available agents. Usually I completely ignore these but today I thought it might be nice to respond and basically make the recruiter work for their commission, if they are really interested in matching me with the best possible company.

This is what I wrote back,

Hello Steve,

Thank you for getting in touch with me. I'm always on the lookout for opportunities where I might use my limited skill set to bring smiles to faces around the world. You said that my name was given to you. Could you tell me who might have directed you? It's been a few years since I've worked in Tokyo, and many of my previous colleagues have since moved on to challenges in other countries.

As I'm currently living and working in Aichi Prefecture, a trip to Tokyo is not something I can do without some pretty good incentive. Also, I'm very particular about the sort of company I work at and the goals of any project I work on. It seems only fair that I give you plenty of notice about this ahead of time, as many recruiters in the past seem to believe that money is my primary motivator. If you know where I currently work, you will know without a doubt that a large bank account does not drive me. I would never want to work at a company like Google, Facebook, Twitter, Uber, Oracle, Apple, or even Microsoft. These companies do great things, but none align with my core beliefs in the slightest.

In your email you mentioned that a potential employer is "scaling out many systems leveraging AI & machine learning". In plain English, this usually means the company is "employing algorithms to take advantage of people's personal information, turning them into products to be sold without the slightest regard for decency or respect." I love math. I love algorithms. I strongly disagree with how many companies employ these systems, though. If you could tell me a little more about any position that you feel I might be qualified for, perhaps we could see if this company is a good fit for my ideals.

Ultimately, any organization that I work for needs to respect a person's right to privacy, which means not selling personal data or otherwise encouraging addictive behaviour through well-timed, well-planned introductions of products or information. Any organization I work for must also be working towards the betterment of humanity in some form. This doesn't mean that they cannot be a public corporation or be driven by financial gains, but there has to be a mission that aims to leave a positive mark on the world. I do not believe this is something we could say about any "of the world's largest companies headquartered in America". In fact, the larger the organization, the less interested I am working there.

My apologies for the long response. Let me wrap up by outlining what I am ultimately looking for from an employer. If you have any clients who match most of these criteria, I'd be happy to meet with you either in person or via Skype to discuss the opportunity or to simply learn more about each other.

Any company that I work for must:

● be working towards improving people or places
● be environmentally responsible
● admit their mistakes / failings
● not offer a product or service that will result in the injury or death of any human or animal
● give every employee with the respect and pay they deserve, regardless of gender, age, religion, or genetic background
● provide every employee the opportunity to grow at their own pace
● treat every person who uses the company's product or service with respect
● understand that family and personal well being must come before arbitrary deadlines and profit motives

I understand this is a tall order, and my wife says there is no company in the world that can offer most of these items, let alone all of them. If you think you know of a company that aligns with some or all of my expectations, please let me know.

Thank you,

Jason F. Irwin

Do you think he'll respond?

We Didn't Make You Obsolete

Corvida over at SheGeeks recently wrote a post asking if people have lost their job as a result of technology and it reminded me of several arguments I've had with people on both sides of the Pacific.

Over the last few years I've been (somewhat) responsible for the lay-off or dismissal of just over 100 people across nine companies. I am a software engineer and, as such, I am always on the lookout for ways to optimize jobs and functions, even if it costs someone their job. In a few cases, I even managed to program my way out of a nice position because, at the end of the day, I had solved the problems I was hired to tackle. While this isn't always a good thing, we shouldn't see losing our jobs to technology as a bad thing.

After all, we humans are 'programmed' to make ourselves obsolete.

Have I No Decency?

I've had people get spitting mad at me when they discovered that software I took pride in making made their positions redundant. Some have shouted at me with such conviction you'd swear they were trying to erase code with decibels. Others have hung their head and slunk away from the office without so much as a word. The tireless software and cold logic structures completed the 7.5 hours of daily work once done by humans in anywhere from 30 seconds to 10 minutes. So do I feel guilty for putting these people out of work?

No, because I didn't put them out of work. They put themselves out of work. I simply made it easier for their employers to terminate the positions.

Before the flame wars start, hear me out. Companies seldom terminate productive employees. If someone is let go, it's because they (usually) did not add value to an organization. Strong people are usually kept, while those who coast or do 'just enough' are let go for more cost-effective solutions. If a strong person's job is eliminated by a machine, that same person is, more often than not, transferred somewhere their skills can be used to contribute to the overall success of the organization.

Do I feel bad when someone loses their job? Yes, absolutely. I'm human, too. I can understand their fears and concerns. But at the same time, I can see why an organization might let someone go. Working is an inalienable human right, and I'll defend a person's right to work until the bitter end. That said, just because a person has a right to work, doesn't mean that others in an organization should suffer.

The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few.

Unlimited Potential

Each one of us is capable of so much more than we give ourselves credit for. Most of the people who have been furious at me for "getting them fired" were angry because they were paid a lot of money to do relatively simple jobs.

Predictive inventory management. Automatic faxing. Portable data entry solutions. Remote monitoring of accounting practices. Production waste management and reduction. These things aren't too difficult to do with a pen and paper, or with something as flexible as a spreadsheet application. Yet, despite the (relatively) basic core concepts of these tasks, the people my software made obsolete failed to perform as their employer requested.

Is it really my fault that a few weeks of coding time can eliminate a $50,000/year job in a company? No. It's the company's fault for not understanding the true value of the task they were paying $50,000 for. Eliminating the job is just the organization's way of cleaning up costs.  This isn't to say that someone's time isn't worth the money, though … it's just an area that the company feels could be optimized to reduce unnecessary overhead in an ever-competitive market place.

One in Six Billion

We all have something to offer the world.  I truly believe that.  Just because we lost one job to technology does not necessarily mean that technology is a bad thing.  It just means that we're being given a reason to either update our skills, or try something new.  It can be incredibly stressful at first, but we can all offer something to someone somewhere.

But one thing is for certain: we technology people are not responsible for the obsolescence of someone's job.