A Pet or a Stranger

Over the course of forty years, I have asked young people in America if they would first save their pet or a stranger if both were drowning. A smaller and smaller minority have said they would save the stranger. Why would the majority save their pet before a human being? Because, they say, they love their pet and they don’t love the stranger. In other words, they follow the dictates of love. That is one reason the Torah and other books of the Bible warn us against trusting our hearts (see, for example, Numbers 15:39).

— Prager, D. (2018). The Rational Bible: Exodus. http://www.amzn.com/B075Y3X51R

This is an interesting thought experiment, as it’s true that many of us will love our pet more than we might a stranger. It also calls into question the value we place on human life over life in general. If I were in this predicament where I had to choose between Nozomi, a dog I’ve loved for 12 years, or a person I’ve never seen before, which life would I try to save first? Would I try to justify saving Nozomi by searching for a reason to abandon a fellow human? What sort of excuse might pass for reasonable justification?

Is it acceptable to choose my dog over someone who is 90? How about 80? Or 55? Or 30? Is age a justifiable discrimination given that Nozomi has perhaps three or four years left of her natural lifespan?

Is the traditional model of “women and children first” applicable here? If the person is an adult male, is choosing to save my dog over a drowning man justifiable simply because they are neither a woman nor child?

The problem with hypothetical situations, though, is that they lead to hypothetical answers. I think I would first aim to save the drowning person before my dog, no matter the pain that might come from the decision. This is because it’s the least selfish option, which generally means it is the right thing to do. Nozomi is important to me, whereas the stranger will be important to a lot of people1.

One of the questions I’ve been thinking through over the last few months is this: What does it mean to be “good”2? One of the more common truisms is that a person who is good to others is generally seen as being good themselves. To be good to others we must treat them the same way we wish to be treated. This idea is thousands of years old and captured in such ancient texts as The Bible:

“And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself”3
> — Matthew 22:39

To love the neighbour — a stranger — as myself would make their rescue my responsibility and solemn duty. The idea is repeated multiple times in other books, such as Corinthians:

No one should seek their own good, but the good of others.

— 1 Corinthians 10:24

And perhaps more succinctly in Galatians:

For the entire law is fulfilled in keeping this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.”

— Galatians 5:14

This isn’t to say that one should allow their pet to drown to save a human because God commands it, per se, but because the act is considered honourable and good, thus making the rescue the right thing to do.

Sorry, Nozomi.


  1. This will be true regardless of a person’s profession or social status.

  2. When I've had conversations about this, people look at me as though I've gone insane. However, when I ask them what being "good" means, few are able to formulate a response that is clear and concise. I am not looking for vague adjectives. I am looking for something deeper. People generally believe they're good, even if society believes otherwise. Good cannot be subjective, otherwise it is without meaning. Therefore, there must be an objective description of what it means to be good. This is what I am seeking.

  3. The full context for this verse is as follows:

    “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself”

    — Matthew 22:37-39

Sacrifice

Lent is a Christian observance that is supposed to represent the 40 days that Christ spent fasting in the desert. During this time, many people will perform what is called a Lenten sacrifice, where they will abstain from some sort of pleasure or luxury of their choosing. Many choose to give up alcohol, some may choose to refrain from meat, and others may take their Lenten fast incredibly seriously, eating as little as possible while resisting the temptation of the delicious foods that surround us everywhere in modern times. This year the season will begin on Wednesday March 2nd and finish on April 14th1.

The opening paragraph outlines the basic concept of Lent not because I've been re-engaging with my religious studies, but because I've chosen to begin the observance early. On February 15th I drank my last alcoholic beverages for two months. This was a decision that was made around lunchtime on the 16th, though I've since thought it through a little more and decided to wait until mid-April before thinking about picking up another can of Kirin チュウハイ2. Not only will this give my body some time to adjust to being alcohol-free for the first time in … a long time, but it will allow me to see whether I am actually addicted to the stuff rather than just "enjoying it at the end of a long day". Given that I went almost five years in Vancouver without drinking and well over nine in Japan without touching the stuff, one would think this isn't a sacrifice at all. However, since moving out of the classroom many years ago, I've found myself consuming more and more every few months. As it stands, I have no problem consuming two litres of 9%-alcohol チュウハイ in a single day and maintaining the appearance of being normal, albeit happier3. Based on what I've read about alcoholism, all signs point to me being in denial … so two months sober ought to confirm if this is the case or not.

More than this, though, I have been feeling the need to act on something. I don't know what that something is, but there's an unmistakable prodding from within to stand up and get things done in areas that I am not at all knowledgeable about4. There is a desire to become an active participant in a community. There is also a thirst for a better understanding of topics that I thought I knew. While there is no requirement to give anything up to accomplish any of these objectives, not clouding the mind will open up an extra hour or two per day for reading, reflection, learning, and sharing. Given that we all have a limited number of hours on any given day, freeing up one or two is nothing to balk at.

Yesterday I wrote about feeling incomplete and isolated from the world. This is still true today. However, over the last couple of months I've been working on pulling myself out of the same old rut in order to do something that can benefit others and myself. God willing, this teetotaling observance will bring me one step closer to understanding what it is that I need to do going forward.


  1. Though Lent is a 40-day event, this year there are six Sundays between the start and end of the observance. Sundays, the Sabbath, are holy days in Christianity and a time for rejoicing rather than penance. Some people will consider Sundays to be "cheat days", where they can enjoy whatever luxury or pleasure they've elected to give up for the 40 days of Lent. Depending on which denomination of Christianity a person follows, this is allowed.

  2. Chuuhai – a Japanese mixed vodka drink.

  3. I tell myself that "I feel human again" after a can or two of Kirin.

  4. The last time I really had this feeling was in the weeks leading up to my move from Southern Ontario to Vancouver. Given the responsibilities I have today, I highly doubt there will be another 4,800km move in front of me anytime soon. That said, given the opportunity, I would like to visit Israel for a couple of months.

Incomplete

Earlier this week, while flipping through some of my notebooks in search of a project's long overdue To Do list, I was surprised to see just how many notes were left in an unfinished state. These were snippets of ideas with almost no glue to hold them together, scribbled in fine print with my point-form notation denoting a line as a task, a note, or a follow-up. Many years ago these would have been converted into longer-form ideas and either written about, coded, or dismantled on a different page. However, since I hit the wall with blogging two years ago, there's been little motivation to keep up with the writing process. There are still items that get written and immediately shelved in "Draft Purgatory" for one reason or another, but at nowhere near the same degree as seen before 2020. Much like the mind where these notes came from, the ideas are both fragmentary and incomplete.

As I read the pages, a pattern was clearly repeating. One of dissatisfaction and idleness. The same is seen in many of the posts on this site from 2020 before I put the keyboard away and followed my late grandmother's advice about not saying anything at all if I couldn't say something nice. The issue has been present for years, but why?

Thinking about the things I want, the reason seems clear enough. I'm far too isolated. Working from home was once considered completely unrealistic for people who were fully employed in Japan. Recent events have made it possible for organisations across the country – and across the planet – to see that remote work is not only possible, but better in short bursts. However, as I approach the 4th year of working from the same desk where only my deaf dog provides company, I feel utterly disconnected from society. Walking around the neighbourhood and having an occasional chat with a retired neighbour is not the same thing as meeting friends and working side-by-side on the same tasks. Reading about the news is not the same thing as witnessing an event. Living in an ever-shrinking bubble is not the same as living a life.

My notes are incomplete because I am incomplete. Like a person who has been whiling their time away on a distant Pacific atoll, there's only so many days one can perform the same actions before they begin to wonder if they're becoming unglued.

Drive

Jussi recently wrote a bit about competency and it got me thinking in a similar vein, though not so much about skillsets. In his article, Jussi explores some of his competencies and how they've evolved over the course of his professional career. There have been victories. There have been struggles. There have been moments of doubt as Imposter Syndrome kicks in. All of these are familiar territory for the vast majority of people who aim to take their responsibilities seriously, something many of us can relate with. For me, though, I've been less concerned with the question of What am I good at? and more focussed on the question of What drives me?, because this is the font for where learning begins.

Much of the past few years has been rough for a lot of us. Professionally speaking, however, I feel that there was almost nothing of note that I accomplished between 2019 and mid-2021. Yeah, I hammered out a lot of code, I solved a lot of complex problems, and I managed to create some interesting things … but the vast majority of it has been discarded or drastically modified by colleagues for one reason or another. The fact that people discard or modify my work is fine, as this is the nature of software development, but the political reasons behind those decisions are what truly disappoint me and lead to the conclusion that two and a half years of effort were ultimately worth zilch. Now I find myself working on projects for a marketing department and Human Resources, two of the least interesting departments in any organisation1, yet the work is almost invigorating. I actually look forward to sitting down at the keyboard every morning.

But why?

Problems exist, and they seek an answer. This is what drives me. A lot of creative people are likely engaged by the same sort of concept. When I try to solve a problem, I look at it from the perspective of someone who really doesn't like computers. Someone who, when asked about various aspects of software, will shrug their shoulders and say "Whatever. I don't care." only to later complain to someone else that digital tools are horrible substitutes for paper forms … or something thereabouts. When I approach a problem, I look at how it could be simplified from the perspective of the person forced to use the system. Is data entry kept to a minimum? Are required fields pre-populated whenever possible? Is there anything that can be removed from the main page without sacrificing something that a manager somewhere will insist is "absolutely essential"? All of these things are considered, plus a hundred more. Data is collected from a myriad of systems to reduce the amount of effort a person needs to expend. Items that can be inferred are presented in a list saying "Would you like to do X to all of these?". Every aspect of the UI is considered to ensure it works as seamlessly on a tablet as it might on a 40" projector.

This is what drives me: I embellish myself with the complexity of making something simple. When nothing more can be removed from a page, that is when I am complete. Do I always succeed? No. Do people notice that the systems I produce are generally faster and contain less friction than those they replace? Absolutely.

Software development is a two-way process. I can't possibly understand everything someone on the other end of the screen might be facing, so I keep the communication lines open. People are encouraged to get in touch to complain, to praise, and – most importantly – to recommend. When the people who are expected to use my software get in touch to say that something isn't very good and they have a suggestion on how to make it better, I pay very close attention. If what they have to say is well-reasoned, their suggestions will be part of the next update. If a person is just reaching out to complain because "reasons", then their concerns might result in updates that weren't specifically requested. Either way, it's this continual refinement of the solution that encourages further development.

My software is not great. There are scores of projects to prove this. However, with actionable feedback from the people who use the systems, they become less bad. This is what drives me: iterating to make something better.


  1. I understand that Marketing and HR departments are important for many organisations, but the technical work required is rarely challenging. Instead, it's mostly "checkbox development", which is the worst sort of project a creative person can endure.

Staring in Different Directions

The Geminid meteor shower has been pretty nice to watch this year, thanks to the clear sky and reduced air traffic. For people living in Japan, this is one of the better regular meteor showers to observe during the year as there is very little haze in the sky from humidity or dust from distant deserts to obscure the heavens. I've looked forward to December for the past decade primarily because of this meteor shower.

geminids

Nozomi, however, prefers to keep her nose to the ground.

When Nozomi and I head out for our evening walks mid-December, she tends to get a little bit of extra time in the park. We survey the darkest corners of the public space, which often makes it possible for me to observe some of the smaller rocks passing through our atmosphere while the puppy does her thing and focuses on the scents of the less-travelled pathway. I'll sometimes let her know that a bright shooting star passed overhead, knowing full well that she's both deaf and completely uninterested in anything higher than two metres from the ground. It doesn't matter, though. I enjoy staring at the sky and sharing the excitement that comes from the various lights. She enjoys sniffing the ground and piecing together who or what might have travelled the same path recently. We both get our exercise and we both have an opportunity to enjoy some of the wonders that life offers … even if they're in completely opposite directions.

Funny Money

A few days ago I wrote about participating in some demo cryptocurrency challenges and, despite saying that they're not very fun anymore, I've kept joining the weekly challenges. The excuse I tell myself is that this is an opportune way to see how people will try to game a financial system in order to spot similar patterns in the "real" market. This has proven to be completely baseless, though, as the patterns that are seen in the demos are clearly vicious to the point of criminality. There's the saying "don't hate the player, hate the game" but, when I look at how easy it is to manipulate the selling price of a cryptocurrency that is operating in a sandbox environment with tens of thousands of participants, I can't help but wonder what sort of manipulation is happening with the markets where people actually invest a substantial amount of their savings.

Maybe the real reason I'm still doing these things is because I'm looking for the thrill that comes when a person gambles, even with funny money.

Shortly after the most recent blog post, the weekly challenge reset so that everyone had $5,000 USD to invest in various coins again. I had pulled in a respectable $2-million after seven days, which was quite a bit better than the $10,500 USD the week before. However, during the third challenge, I invested a bit more time into spotting the patterns that bots would use in order to artificially inflate the value of a currency, then sell out, only to repeat the cycle on a predictable basis. Doing this from my phone or tablet for 20-minutes here and there throughout the day proved to be rather profitable. By the end of the challenge, the total earnings for the third week turned out to be $216-million:

The End of the Third Week

Being somewhat of a pessimist as of late, this seemed like the maximum one could expect. Taking five grand and turning it into $216-million over the span of seven days while also spending a great deal of time offline for work, family, sleep, and walking the dog seems almost absurd. The best investors on the planet would likely struggle to do something similar in the real market, and I could see over the course of the week that the bots that were manipulating the price of coins were starting to notice my interference. There were changes afoot.

Yesterday, being Monday, saw the start of the fourth week. Once again, everyone was reset to $5,000 USD to invest in various cryptocurrencies. I put half into Etherium and sat on the remaining $2,500 until lunchtime. However, when I checked my balance just before noon, I found that the price-tampering bots had all but destroyed the value of Etherium. The coin was worthless, leaving me with just $2,505 in total to try and invest with. Just as before, I started looking through the different coins for volume patterns. Which ones were up more than usual? Which ones were unnaturally down? Which ones were fluctuating at regular intervals?

It's this last pattern that is the most pernicious and profitable. If I were a Ferengi, my lobes would tingle every time I stumbled across one of these repeating patterns. They're easy to exploit, too. A currency goes up like a rocket to some ridiculous value, usually north of $300,000 USD, then gradually drops to its expected price. Then the pattern repeats. And repeats. And repeats again. If there are no people interfering with the bots, this cycle can repeat for hours, "earning" the machines trillions in profits. However, once people start buying and selling, the bots react very quickly in an effort to reduce their losses. So long as a person pays attention and reacts fast enough, though, they can earn several million in an hour. Or, in my case, over a billion:

Over One Billion

Today is the second day of the week-long challenge.

As the screenshots will show, I'm doing all of this with an iOS application. I have no bots manipulating prices or watching the market on my behalf, nor do I have any intention to get into that game. However, I am curious to know who has made these bots and what their goal might be. Manipulating demo markets may be fine as an academic exercise in how financial markets can be gamed by people with excessive wealth, but this is hardly news. Wealthy people have been gaming systems for millennia. Could this be just something a few people are doing "for the lulz"? Maybe this is just a testing ground before the bot(s) are released on the real markets with a decent-sized initial investment? Maybe this is just all in my head and the cryptocurrency fluctuations are the result of a poorly-implemented faux supply-demand mechanism in the demo provider's service. I really do not know.

All this aside, given my propensity for numbers, I have a feeling the personal goal will be to consistently out-do my previous week's worth of pseudo-plundering.

I "Earned" $2-million USD This Weekend

The title is very misleading, as this $2-million isn't real money, but cryptocurrency. Heck, it's not even cryptocurrency, but "Demo Trading" of crypto currencies. Still, on Friday night I went to bed thinking I was doing pretty good having turned a $5,000 USD starting balance into $10,500 USD after five days. This morning I noticed a pattern and, because this is all a demo, decided to see how far I could take it. The result was unexpected:

OKEX Demo Trading

My actual experience with cryptocurrencies have been far less interesting to write about. Like a lot of people, I have put real assets1 into various coins only to have 35% of it lost due to market fluctuations, various fees, and bogus ROI claims2. That said, it's something that I'm trying to learn more about as it seems to be a viable means of hedging against inflation for a lot of people around the world. I'm not too worried about inflation in Japan just yet, but I am looking for some decent alternatives to having money sitting in a bank account collecting 0.02% interest per year … which is considered "good" here.

Given my actual performance with these digital assets, I've been looking at ways to try and gain a bit more experience in order to lose less. The general rule of thumb is that anyone hoping to earn a quick buck should play at the casino rather than with cryptocurrencies, but I see the two as being about the same in terms of return until you start working with much larger numbers. A lot of the demo trading that I have done has generally started with a sum of about $5,000 USD. Some exchanges will offer this in various coins at the beginning while others will give you a local token that can be used to buy the currencies of your choice. For this most recent run, I used the OKEx exchange and was provided with $5,000 in the local USDT token to acquire things of my own choosing.

As one would expect, the first couple of days were slow. There were gains and losses as bids were won and lost. There was also a rather large dip in all the cryptocurrencies mid-week – in the real world – that also wiped out a good bit of capital for the people participating in the demo trading challenges. However, by paying attention and sticking mainly to the coins that I was most familiar with, it was possible to take the initial investment and double it over a period of five days. One of the most effective ways to do this, I found, was to buy and sell using either Bitcoin or Etherium, as this resulted in much lower fees, leaving more for profit. All in all, I needed just 35 trades to turn $5K into $10K.

It's easy to see why some people get sucked into this world and invest just about everything they have. Such short term gains are simply impossible in the real world.

On Saturday morning I noticed a pattern. Some less-common coins showed an interesting up and down pattern. Following the pattern with a 1-minute chart, it was easy to see that a coin would drop to a set value, then slowly rise to a set value before the process repeated again. If you timed it right, you could buy low and sell high numerous times. So I did. Twelve hours later the $10K had swelled to just under $90K. Not bad, considering it was the weekend and I couldn't be in front of a computer or phone all day. This morning the patterns were seen with different currencies, and with much larger margins. I could buy certain coins for $2 and sell them five minutes later for $35. Buy, sell. Buy, sell. Buy, sell. Stop. The patterns were usually good no more than five times before whatever mechanism was manipulating the prices would stop and move on to another currently. Still, by paying attention, the $90K had grown to half a million … then a million … then one-point-five … and it didn't stop. There were times when I would play the game for too long and end up losing – in one instance – $400K in worthless coins, but the gains far outweighed the losses.

Heck, in the time I've spent writing this blog post …

Two Million Dollars

The real markets don't operate like this.

One does have to wonder how many people will do these demo market challenges – often with the promise of earning a small amount of Bitcoin or something else for successful outcomes – and over-estimate their abilities at the end. How many people finish these little games and think they can turn an investment of a few thousand dollars into double or triple the value within a week? Are there people that invest their entire line of credit into the real markets only to lose it all? Given the number of people participating in the cryptocurrency markets, there are bound to be a noticeable percentage of n00bs losing everything.

As with every type of investing, it's important to do the research, understand the risks, and never put in more than you are willing to lose.


  1. Sometimes money, sometimes time, sometimes 32.68TB of network storage space.

  2. The bogus ROI comes from Chia, which I won't get too much into at this point. As it stands, I've invested over 32TB of storage space for hash tables, not to mention all the electricity, computational power, and I/O capacity required to build those tables, only to get nothing in return. Not even a tease of a matched hash.

Five Things

Four hundred and six days have passed since the previous "Five Things" post, though it certainly doesn't feel like so much time has elapsed. Between November 2018 and April 2020 there would often be at least one instalment per month, generally written from an iPad on a Sunday night while I waited for the boy to fall asleep12. While there's no plan to return to a weekly "Five Things" schedule, it's not something I'll rule out at some point in the future. That said, the reason for this stream-of-consciousness post isn't really the meta subject of the post itself, but some of the recent ideas that have been echoing around my head for a little while now.

Old Notes. New Appreciations.

While cleaning the home office the other day, I happened to open one of my old development notebooks. These are B5-sized books containing 250 pages of graph paper, and they're the perfect size for me to carry around, jot notes, sketch interfaces, plan APIs or databases, and record just about anything else I might need in a free-flowing fashion that is unbound by the constraints that limit most note-taking applications on computers. Without the flexibility of pen and paper, I highly doubt I would be able to write as much software … as counter-intuitive as that may sound. Looking inside, I saw some of the concepts that were being sketched out and considered right before I started building out the fifth version of Midori Core, which would eventually go on to power about two dozen different projects. Many of the ideas were rather different from what I had been doing beforehand, and some of them seemed downright impossible to implement at the time due to the way the MySQL database engine works. However, reading through the list, I was surprised to see how many of the ideas were not only part of v5, but had actively contributed to the success of the new version and are now indispensable. Support for SQL Server and PostgreSQL have certainly been game-changers, and the consistent API template makes developing a new set of functionality from scratch an absolute breeze compared to everything that came before. Then there's all the internal consistency checks and system validation ….

However, it's not so much the notes themselves that struck me, but what the notes made clear.

A Lack of Imagination

Over the last six months or so, I seem to have lost the ability to think up new things. Solving problems at the day job with creative solutions is still something that's done quite regularly, but it seems an incredible amount of time has passed since I've had a really interesting idea to think through. A lot of what I am occupied with – based on the contents of the current development notebook – is solving problems that people create for themselves … either wilfully or by sheer misfortune. A decade ago I would have several ideas on the go with regards to new projects that could be considered, slapped together, and tested. Today I have zero … and this really disappoints me. Where has my imagination gone?

Chasing Other People's Goals

Perhaps I've just been engrossed in other people's goals and haven't really sat down to think about what I want to do? Freelance work has started to pick up since the summer and there are now five clients that I am regularly communicating with. For this I am quite grateful. The day job also consumes about 50 hours of my time per week, which isn't bad given that the problems are rarely "urgent" anymore. Being able to take the time to really think a problem through before working on a solution is a luxury that many of us rarely have. Hopefully this relaxed pace keeps up for another couple of months so that the New Year holidays can be enjoyed without stressing over "all the things that remain to be done", as I have done the last three winters.

Still, it would be nice to have a new personal project to work on.

A Collaboration with Dad?

This summer I learned that my father's health is deteriorating quite rapidly. For a brief time, I thought I might have to arrange a flight back to Southern Ontario between the many on-again-off-again lockdowns in Japan and Canada. Fortunately, this has not been necessary, but the fact of the matter is that I have been thinking about the many stories my father has told me from his life as well as the ones we shared together. As the family historian, I would really like to have these written down to be shared across time, just as I did with my grandfather's journals at the very beginning of the 10Centuries project. While my father does like to write, he has never kept a journal. This means that if something happens, his stories can only be recounted by the people who knew him. I've been thinking that maybe this would be an ideal time to sit down with him, either in person or online, and record a series of podcasts. These would be made available to the family at a time when my father is comfortable having them released, and they would remain part of the 10C repository forever. If nothing else, this would be a good way to reconnect and get to know the man a little better, as long-distance communication does have its challenges.

Yet, as I think through how I would like to compile and present my father's life in a digital manner, the challenges I faced with my grandfather's journals echo in my head.

Is 10C the Right Tool?

The first version of the platform was about blogging. The second version was about blogging with immutable records and clearly-defined hierarchies, which made it possible for me to adapt decades of my grandfather's journals to a digital format without the tacky "solution" of uploading a bunch of scanned images. The third version … we don't talk about. The fourth version of 10C focused on ephemeral posts, podcasting, public APIs, and document formatting. The fifth and current version focussed on improving social posts, using "IndieWeb" HTML formatting standards, improving document formatting, improving privacy options, and overall speed. However, is the current version of 10C suited for a biography? My grandfather's archives read like a blog, because that's a format that I understood and could easily adapt the paper documents to. For my father, I'd like to do something a little more elegant. Something that is better in line with a biography that consists of pictures, text, and audio.

As I've alluded to yesterday and today, I've been thinking a lot about document structures. Since working on a couple of textbook delivery systems and learning management systems, I've developed a better appreciation for how educational materials consisting of varying digital assets need to be presented. I dislike using the term "multi-media", but this is essentially what modern textbooks have become. They're interactive, respond to touch, and a little more approachable.

Blogs show information chronologically, which makes sense given that's how we live. However, when we think about our history, we don't think about things in terms of days, but in groups of time. A holiday in a foreign land. The first week of high school. That summer when everything went "just right". Grouping blog posts can certainly be done, but it's often a clunky ordeal consisting of tenuous meta connections at best. An idea I've been toying with is treating posts as sections of a chapter, which reside in a book consisting of sections or volumes or any other means to represent a collection. A collection could also consist of additional collections, which have their own chapters and sections. This would be an incredibly hierarchical creation that could be as flat as a blog, with one single collection, or structured like some of the most complete biographies and autobiographies we see in libraries.

This is something that could be wedged into 10Cv5, but I wonder if it's the right way to go. The goal of 10Centuries is to act as a permanent digital repository of who we are for at least a thousand years. What I see today, however, is a social network with features like blogging and sharing links to articles from around the web with our remarks attached. While I am very happy to see a community of great people using the social aspects of the site, I do wonder if it would make more sense to split the project so that Nice is its own entity, and 10Centuries becomes focussed on the long-term objective of being a person's historical record. There would be overlap, of course, as well as integrations to facilitate communication between the two tools, but this could allow the two projects to evolve independent of each other, while continuing to fill the needs of the people who use the tools.

All of this is still in the air – and in the current development notebook – as a project like this would take time away from the conversations I would like to have with my father, but it's something I'm thinking about.


  1. Just like many younger children, he did not like going to sleep alone. Heck, he still doesn't. So I generally stay with him until he drifts off to sleep.

  2. Writing several hundred words from an ageing tablet – an iPad Air 2 from 2014 – is no longer my idea of fun, particularly now that the keyboard on iOS has made typos so much easier to create. That said, it has managed to survive three years as a daily machine at a school before it was passed to me, and I've used it for several hours every day since. iOS 15 has made it slow down quite noticeably, though.

Who Defines Morality?

An article in a local NYTimes subsidiary recently published an article on Delphi, a system with the goal of determining the ethics of an action. This is an important area of research as we start to see more machines that operate semi-autonomously and need to determine whether a course of action is correct or not. Obvious examples of where ethical decision-making is necessary would be with self-driving vehicles. If a vehicle carrying two passengers is travelling down the road and an oncoming car swerves into the same lane, the vehicle will need to quickly determine the correct course of action. Does it slam into the oncoming vehicle, potentially killing the passengers in both cars? Does it slam on the brakes, offering the offending vehicle more time and space to correct its lane transgression? Does it rapidly move into another lane or onto a sidewalk? Each one of these decisions requires information that may not be available and each will also carry consequences. So, given the lack of time to collect additional data, the unforgiving laws of physics governing bodies in motion, and the immediate need to take action, which action would be the most correct?

Decisions are considered right or wrong based on the ethics of the observer, and ethics are incredibly subjective. While some may feel that severing the right hand off a man is justifiable because they stole a loaf of bread, others would find it reprehensible. Is a politician right to use their position of authority to the benefit of their friends or family? Is a doctor right to over-prescribe medications to help a terminally-ill patient not feel pain? Is a teacher right to teach their students a government-mandated concept or belief? Is a parent right to teach their children that people from a particular nation or genetic lineage are not worthy of respect? Is an individual right to kill a mosquito that has landed on their skin? Is an individual right to kill a mosquito that is on a table? Is an individual right to kill every mosquito on the planet with a genetically-engineered virus?

Most people will have an immediate answer to each of these questions and not one of them is a clear "Yes" or "No". Our sense of right and wrong has been built – and continues to be built – based on our lived experience, the circumstances we've faced, and the people who surround us.

There have been a lot of articles over this past decade on how various vision-based and decision-based systems are racist, sexist, or otherwise discriminatory. I generally disagree with the authors of these pieces because to be in ~ist, one has to possess prejudice. Software can certainly be written to enforce any biases the developer (or organisation) may have, but machines generally do not care where a person's ancestors may have lived, which sexual organs someone may have, or how they use them. Instead, I see these vision or decision-based systems as being ignorant; they lack a sufficient amount of information to reach a better solution. Generally when this sort of problem arises at the day job, I say "the system (or idea) is incomplete". My concern is that software that tries to determine the moral outcomes of a decision will be just as incomplete.

Who are the people that define right and wrong for Delphi and systems like it? Generally it will be academics, philosophers, and a handful of committee members with strongly-held beliefs. Essentially, very intelligent people with similar ideas who live in a very well-protected bubble outside of the wider society. While they will most certainly do their best to codify modern morality in a manner that a set of dynamic algorithms can understand, there will be a great deal that they cannot prepare simply because they suffer from the same problem that we all have; ignorance. We do not know what we do not know. And, to add a little more complexity into the problem, two people in the same society will have different ideas of right and wrong.

For the moment the researchers who are investing so much effort into Delphi and systems like it are keeping their goals simple, understanding the complexities of the project. However, as we see more of our actions monitored by corporations and governments around the world, I worry that "ethical systems" like this will be used to seek out those who deviate from a prescribed moral code. China already does something similar to this with their various surveillance programs. The speed at which dissenters can be found and silenced is nothing short of remarkable terrifying and given the recent societal directions of some Western nations, it would not be surprising at all to learn in the near future that some countries are preparing to do the same.

A Siberian Winter Approaches

The final week of November is traditionally when the autumn temperatures give way to winter's chill, and this year is no different than any other. However, one happy difference is that this year is expected to be much colder than we've experienced since 2015, when overnight temperatures dropped to -10˚C and we experienced almost a full week of snow on the ground … albeit split between a handful of days in January and March. With any luck, this coming winter will be just as chilly with even more snowy days for people to enjoy.

As COVID-19 has mostly disappeared from the country, people all over the nation have been going out to catch up on two years of fun. Theme parks are packed. Malls are over-crowded. Highways are full of out-of-prefecture license plates. It's nice to see and, as it seems a lot of the more expensive places are still hotspots for people to congregate, I've been looking for some quieter, winter-friendly places where the family and I might go.

The obvious one for people in this part of the country is 白川郷1, a remote village about three hours north of my home that showcases a traditional building style known as gasshō-zukuri.

Shirakawagō in Winter

This is a place that I've wanted to see in the wintertime for a while now, as the pictures have always looked so inviting. If I could give up some of the modern conveniences like fast Internet speeds and reasonably-priced specialty breads, then a move to Shirakawagō would be incredibly tempting. Perhaps this is something I can consider in another quarter century when I retire.

Another place that I'd like to bring the family – if they would be willing – is the Number 1 Tadami River Bridge in 三島2. This is an incredibly scenic part of the country and I've only recently learned about it.

Tadami River Bridge

What might give people pause is the fact that it's located in Fukushima prefecture, though quite a distance from the infamous nuclear reactors that suffered a partial meltdown and spewed radioactive dust across much of the northern part of the country. Most mapping systems say the trip can be made in about six and a half hours, which means spending the night and perhaps enjoying a number of other scenic locations. If the family does not want to go, maybe Nozomi would be willing to enjoy a little road trip north, as she was born at a place just a few hours east of the scenic bridge.

Distant photo spots aside, with a colder-than-recent winter on the way and greater freedom to move between places in the country, I'm hoping that a lot of people can get outside and release some of the tension that has built up since the tail end of 2019. We say this every winter, but here's hoping that next year is better than this one.


  1. Shirakawagō

  2. Mishima